Glaucoma is a condition that can cause vision loss and damage to the eye. It is one of the leading causes of blindness in the world. If you have concerns about glaucoma or it has been a while since your last eye exam, contact our team at The Center for Eye Care and Optical in West Islip to schedule an appointment. We have gathered some frequently asked questions about glaucoma.
What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a disease that affects the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain. It is a leading cause of blindness in the United States. It is also referred to as the "silent thief of sight" meaning that there are virtually no early symptoms in the early stages of development.
What Are Forms of Glaucoma?
There are two main types of glaucoma: open-angle and angle-closure. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type and occurs when the drainage angles in your eye are open but blocked. Angle-closure glaucoma is less common but more serious, occurring when the drainage angles in your eye are closed or narrow.
How Do You Diagnose Glaucoma?
Our ophthalmology experts will conduct a comprehensive eye exam to determine if you have glaucoma. Some examples of the tests that will be conducted include:
- A measurement of your intraocular pressure (tonometry test)
- A dilated eye exam to examine the optic nerve in the back of the eye
- Visual field test
- Measuring the thickness of the cornea
Who Is at Risk for Developing Glaucoma?
While anyone can develop glaucoma, certain risk factors make some people more susceptible to the condition than others. Age, family history, and certain health conditions can increase your risk for glaucoma. These health precursors include those with high blood pressure or diabetes.
How Is Glaucoma Treated?
Treatment options for glaucoma include medicine, surgery, laser treatments, and injections. With proper treatment, you can slow or stop the progression of glaucoma and preserve your vision. Dr. Bennett Hong is our glaucoma specialist who helps individuals who want to stop using eye drops and get better treatment with eye surgery. Glaucoma surgery can help to preserve vision and prevent further damage to the optic nerve.
Contact The Center for Eye Care and Optical in West Islip, NY
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms associated with glaucoma, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. While there is no cure for the disease, there are many safe and effective treatments available, including surgery. Make an appointment with our eye surgeon to see if you are a candidate for surgery and start on the path to preserving your vision. Call our team today at (631) 422-1110 or reach us through our website by using our online contact form.